Seal of the Senate of the State of Texas Welcome to the Official Website for the Texas Senate
Seal of the Senate of the State of Texas
Welcome to the official website for the
Texas Senate
Senator Jane Nelson: District 12
Senator Jane Nelson
P.O. Box 12068, State Capitol
Austin, Texas 78711
Tel. (512) 463-0112
October 5, 2015
Contact: Melissa Duncan

For far too many years, Texas homeowners have shouldered a disproportionate — and increasing — amount of the overall tax burden. Not only do homeowners pay sales and other taxes, they also bear the brunt of rising property taxes. Homeowners deserve a break, and help is on the way.

On November 3rd Texans will head to the polls to vote on Proposition 1. If approved, it will deliver approximately $1.24 billion in property tax relief by increasing the homestead exemption for school district taxes from $15,000 to $25,000. This is long overdue.

The homestead exemption in our state hasn't changed since 1997. Over the same period, median home values in Texas have risen from about $86,000 to $186,000. Those escalating values lead to higher tax bills, and property owners all over the state are feeling the pinch. Property tax bills have skyrocketed and are rising at a much faster pace than family incomes.

As the author of Proposition 1, I want to take this opportunity to clarify some of the aspects of this initiative that have generated questions to my office. Voters should have all the facts before going to the polls, starting with how much each homeowner will save.

Texas homeowners can anticipate their savings to be on average $130 in the first year, according to estimates. It is important to note that savings will vary from district to district and be framed in comparison to what the school property tax bill would have been with a homestead of exemption of $15,000. That savings will add up over the lifetime of home ownership.

Many of you have asked how Proposition 1 impacts seniors and Texans with disabilities. It was our legislative intent to make sure these homeowners benefit from this legislation. Already, there is an additional $10,000 homestead exemption for seniors and people with disabilities. Proposition 1 maintains this separate $10,000 homestead exemption for seniors and disabled homeowners, while also providing them with the increased homestead exemption from $15,000 to $25,000 that is available to all homeowners. In addition, because tax relief for this population is currently provided through a tax freeze, Proposition 1 applies a proportional adjustment to the ceiling on school property taxes. Questions are also coming in about the provisional tax bill arriving in your mailboxes this month. At the direction of the Legislature, these bills show homeowners two scenarios — what their tax obligation will be if Proposition 1 passes or if it fails.

It is important to note that the tax relief provided under Proposition 1 applies only to school district property tax, and that goes for all homeowners, regardless of their age. The Legislature made the decision to cover the entire cost of this tax relief package, so that education funding will continue at current levels. Through Proposition 1 school districts are held harmless and the state will be funding this tax relief. Texans should also know that the Legislature passed SB 1760, which prohibits any local taxing authorities from raising property taxes without a supermajority vote of local governing boards. This further protects homeowners from the consequences of any additional tax impositions.

Early voting begins October, 19. As your Senator, I encourage you to learn all the facts before you head to the polls in order to make the best educated decision for you and your family. More information about Proposition 1 is available by heading online and visiting This is the largest property tax relief package our state has seen in a very long time, so be sure and take part in this important election.

SENATOR JANE NELSON represents District 12, including portions of Tarrant and Denton Counties. She is Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee and the highest-ranking Republican in the Texas Senate.